Leger, Fernand

   An influence on cubism, constructivism, and modern commercial poster art, Fernand Leger was born in Argentan and studied art and architecture in Caen and Paris. Beginning in 1910, he was an important member and exhibitor of the Salon des Independents, in Paris. Most of his early works were cubist (Nus dans la forêt, 1910; La Noce, 1911; Les Fumées dans les toits, 1911; Paris par la fenêtre, 1911; La Femme en bleu, 1912; L'Escalier, 1914). Along with Georges braque and Pablo Picasso, Leger played a significant role in the development and dissemination of the cubist style. Leger's subsequent work was influenced by his experiences in World War I. He began to employ symbols from the industrial world and to depict his subjects in machinelike forms (Les Fumeurs, 1918; La Partie des cartes, 1918). His work had an important effect on the development of neoplasticism in the Netherlands and on that of constructivism in the Soviet Union. He was also highly successful as a sculptor and ceramicist, and a creator of tapestries and mosaics. In his later paintings, Leger separated his figures from color and, in this regard, had an indirect influence on surrealism (La Jaconde aux clés, 1940; Les Plangeurs, 1940-46; Adieu New York, 1947). His Le Grand Parade (1954) in the Guggenheim Museum, New York City, is a monumental example also of this original style in which color is laid on the canvas to form a separate composition.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Léger,Fernand — Léger, Fernand. 1881 1955. French artist. An early cubist who worked in bright flat colors, Léger incorporated industrial and mechanical images into his work. * * * …   Universalium

  • Léger, Fernand — born Feb. 4, 1881, Argentan, Fr. died Aug. 17, 1955, Gif sur Yvette French painter. Born to a peasant family, he worked as an architectural draftsman in Paris before studying art. Influenced by Paul Cézanne and early Cubism, Léger developed a… …   Universalium

  • Léger, Fernand — ► (1881 1955) Pintor francés. En 1909 se unió a los cubistas, después de una etapa impresionista. Del cubismo derivó hacia una sólida y viviente estructuración de formas y calidades. Autor de El triángulo rojo y El mecánico. * * * (4 feb. 1881,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Léger, Fernand —  (1881–1955) French painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Léger — Léger, Fernand …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fernand Léger — Photographie de Fernand Léger (1936). Naissance 4 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fernand Leger — Fernand Léger Fernand Léger Photographie de Carl Van Vechten (1936). Naissance 4 février 1881 Argentan Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fernand Leger — Fernand Léger, Foto von Carl van Vechten Fernand Léger (* 4. Februar 1881 in Argentan in der Normandie; † 17. August 1955 in Gif sur Yvette bei Paris) war ein französischer Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fernand Léger — Nacimiento 4 de febrero de 1881 Argentan Francia Fallecimiento 17 de ago …   Wikipedia Español

  • léger — léger, ère [ leʒe, ɛr ] adj. • legier 1080; lat. pop. °leviarius, class. levis I ♦ 1 ♦ Qui a peu de poids, se soulève facilement. Léger comme une plume, comme une bulle de savon. C est très léger (cf. Ça ne pèse rien). Un léger bagage. Vêtement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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